Implementation of the National Strategy on Biological Diversity

The German Federal Government approved the "National Strategy on Biological Diversity" on 7 November, 2007, under the leadership of the Federal Environment Ministry. Thereby, Germany now has a comprehensive strategy for the implementation of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity. It includes 330 aims and 430 measures on topics relevant to biodiversity.

In the introduction of the strategy the general aim is presented as follows: "The strategy is designed to mobilise and pool all social forces with the aim of significantly minimising, and eventually halting altogether, the threat to biological diversity in Germany, the ultimate aim being to reverse the trend in favour of an increase in biological diversity, including its typical regional peculiarities. A further aim is that Germany should take greater responsibility for global sustainable development."

Since 2011, the "National Strategy on Biological Diversity" is supported by the "Federal Programme on Biological Diversity". This collaboration is based on an agreement formulated in the contract of the coalition between the CDU, CSU and the FDP from 2009. The main focuses of the programme are, among others:

  • The protection of animal and plant species that can be found mainly in Germany and towards which there thus is a notorious responsibility,
  • The conservation of so-called "Hotspots of biological diversity", i.e. regions within Germany that show a notably high density of biological diversity that is simultaneously threatened, as well as
  • The securing of ecosystems.

In addition, the "Enterprise Biological Diversity 2020" ("UBi 2020") was launched in March 2013. This long-term dialogue and action platform shall bring forth and publicise successful measures to strengthen biological diversity in Germany through the co-operation of management associations and environment protection organisations. As of now, 27 associations and organisations support the "UBi 2020" and 30 concrete actions are being carried out. 

The "Indicator report 2014 on the National Strategy on Biological Diversity" ("Indikatorenbericht 2014 zur Nationalen Strategie zur biologischen Vielfalt") that was concluded in February 2015 by the Cabinet of Germany, however, shows that the measures that have been previously employed are not sufficient to achieve the aims set for 2020. The Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) thus published the action plan "Natural Conservation Action Programme 2020" in October 2015. This document elucidates which fields of action entail the most deficits. A total of 40 urgent measures are ascribed to ten priority fields of action.

Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) (2007): National Strategy on Biological Diversity: Online Version (German)

Depiction of “Enterprise Biological Diversity 2020” on the website of the Federal Environment Ministry (BfN): Online Version (German)

Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) (2015): Natural Conservation Action Programme 2020: Online Version (German)

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